Viruses are placed in their own kingdom and not included in plants, animals and bacteria. Viruses contain DNA or RNA as their genomic material which are pathogenic to human and plants. The genome of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses (+ssRNA) can serve as messenger RNA and directly translates into proteins. According to Baltimore classification it is classified under group IV which possesses a huge range of viral members. Several well known members are Chikungunya virus, Dengue virus, Hepatitis C virus, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus etc. Several outbreaks of these viruses across the world have caused serious attention of scientific community towards development of effective drugs to combat these pathogens.
Serological testing of virus
infected samples and virus isolation
from these samples.