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Sumit Sen
Head Of Department
IIT Roorkee
Research Interests

Educational Details
Professional Background


Honours and Awards

Teaching Engagements
Teaching Engagements

Associate Scholars

Administrative Positions
Research Interests
Field and modeling experiments to investigate water movement through various watershed components, Understanding Surface Runoff Generation Mechanisms; Rainfall-Runoff Modeling; Hillslope Hydrology; Watershed Management; Low-cost hydrometry instrumentation, Sediment transport; Spring hydrology; Rainfall partioning: stemflow and through fall
Educational Details
Allahabad Agricultural Institute Deemed University, Allahabad, India
B.Tech., Agricultural Engineering
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA
Masters of Science (MS), Biological and Agricultural Engineering
Auburn University, Auburn, USA
Ph.D., Civil Engineering
Professional Background
10 Oct 2023 - Present
Department of Hydrology
Associate Professor
22 Dec 2018 - 09 Oct 2023
Department of Hydrology
Assistant Professor
12 Jul 2012 - 21 Dec 2018
Department of Hydrology
Post-doctoral Research Fellow
01 Feb 2009 - 31 Jul 2011
Biosystems Engineering Department, Auburn University
01 Aug 2011 - 01 Jul 2012
Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE)
Development of Field Demonstration Site for Revisiting Rainfall Measurement: An Under-catch Issue 01 Jan 2017 Rainfall Measurement Techniques 40 lakhs Central Dam Safety Organization, Central Water Commission, Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project
Ecohydrology of Himalyan System 01 Jan 2019 Ecohydrology; Low-cost instrumentation Assessing the impact of changing pine-oak forest dynamics on hydrology and water quality in the Lesser Himalayas. GBP7000 Institute of Global Innovation Water Challenges Project, University of Birmingham, UK
Water Security through Community Based Springshed Development in the IHR 01 Jan 2018 Water Security; Spring Hydrology; Watershed Hydrology 1.9 crores National Mission on HImalayan Studies, MoEF&CC People Science Institute, Dehradun
Hydrological modeling; sediment transport; entropy theory application 01 Feb 2022 Himalayan hydrological modeling Probabilistic floods and sediment transport forecasting in the Himalayas during the extreme events 36 lakhs Department of Science and Technology IRPI-CNR, Italy
Citizens Science Approach to Revive Dying Springs 01 Jan 2017 Spring Hydrology 4 lakhs Water for Welfare
Understanding Hydrogeological Processes and Their Impacts on Water Security in the Tehri-Garhwal Reg 01 Jan 2013 Hydrogeology; Spring Hydrology 9.5 lakhs IIT Roorkee
Understanding Relationship between Infiltration Trade-off Hypothesis and Surface Runoff Generation M 01 Jan 2014 Hillslope Hydrology; Soil Moisture Measurement Runoff Generation Mechnisms; Hydrological Connectivity 23 lakhs DST, Young Scientist Award
Climate Proofing of Springshed Development Program (Dhara Vikash) through Science and Technology 01 Jan 2019 Spring Hydrology and Instrumentation 28.80 UNDP
Ecohydrology of Himalayan Watersheds 01 Jan 2019 Ecohydrology; low-cost instrumentation Water quality dynamics under changing land use in the Himalayas. GBP5000 British Council South Asia Small-Scale Research Project Scheme
Lidar based non-contact hydrometry for mountainous terrain (World Meteorological Organization WMO) 01 Nov 2020 Non-Contact Hydrometry Techniques $74000 World Meteorological Organization, WMO
Pine-Oak Ecosystem: Interactions with Water-Climate-Chemistry 13 Feb 2020 Ecohydrology 61.42 Lakhs NMHS, Ministry of Environment Forest, and Climate Change


1. Shah, S., Sen, S*., Sahoo, D. State of Indian Northwestern Himalayan Lakes under Human and Climate Impacts: A Review, Ecological Indicators, 160, 111858, 2024.

2. Yadav, A., Hassan, M. A., McDowell, C., Bradley, D. N., Sen, S. Fluvial dispersion of coarse bed particles: Insights from the field observations and simulation model. Water Resources Research, 2024 February, Paper#2023WR036427 (minor revision).

3. Yadav, A., Sen, S., Mao, L., Hassan, M. A. Estimation of bed material transport in gravel-bed streams using the virtual velocity approach: Insights from the North-western Himalayas, India. Earth Surface Processes and Landform, 2024 February, Manuscript # ESP-23-0630 (minor revision).

4. Sangin, E., Patil, P. R., Mishra, S. K., Sen, S. Proficiency of probability distributions in unit hydrograph derivation. Hydrology Research, nh2024151. 2024.

5. Subramanian, S. S., Srivastava, P., Yunus, A. P., Martha, T. R., Sen, S. Numerical model derived intensity-duration thresholds for early warning of rainfall-induced debris flows in the Himalayas. NHESS, February, 24 (2), 465-480, 2024.

6. van de Giesen, N*., Peña Haro, S*., Sen, S*. WMO HydroHub Innovation Snapshot: Introduction to Non-Contact Technologies for Hydrometry. WMO HydroHub, Issue 1, 2023.

7. Dass, B., Daniel, D., Saxena, N., Sharma, A., Sen, D., Sen, S*. Informing watershed management in data-scarce Indian Himalayas. Water Security Journal 19, 100138, 2023.

8. Yadav, A., Boothroyd, R. J., Sambrook Smith, G. H., Sen, S. Morphological adjustments of the Yamuna River in the Himalayan foothills in response to natural and anthropogenic stresses. Hydrological Processes, 37:e14934,, 2023.

9. Mukherjee, S., Sen, S., Kumar, K. Multifactor prediction of the central Himalayan spring high-flows using machine learning classifiers. Environmental Earth Sciences, 82: 85, 2023

10.        Yasmin, T., Khamis, K., Ross, A., Sen, S., Sharma, A., Sen, D., Sen, S., Buytaert, W., Hannah, D. Brief Communication: Inclusiveness in designing early warning system for flood resilience. EGUSphere, NHESS, 23 (2), 667-674 2023.

11.        Meena, R.K., Sen, S.*, Nanda, A., Dass, B., Mishra, A. A contribution to rainfall simulator design–a concept of moving storm automation. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 26 (16), 4379-4390. 2022.

12. Orr, A., Ahmad, B., Alam, U., ….. Sen, S., et. al. Knowledge priorities on climate change and water in the Upper Indus Basin: A horizon scanning exercise to identify the top 100 research questions in social and natural sciences. Earth's Future 10 (4), e2021EF002619. 2022.

13. Jameel, M., Sen, S., Perumal, M. Evaluation of Sediment Management Techniques of Dokan Dam Accomplished with Climate Change Scenarios Using ResCon 2.2 Beta Model. Journal of Water Resources and Geosciences 1 (1), 117-124. 2022.

14. Yadav, A., Sen, S., Mao, L., Schwanghart, W. Evaluation of flow resistance equations for high gradient rivers using geometric standard deviation of bed material. Journal of Hydrology 605, 127292. 2022.

15. Anandhi, A., Srivastava, P., Mohtar, R.H., Lawford, R.G., Sen, S., Lamba, J. Methodologies and Principles for Developing Nexus Definitins and Conceptualizations: Lessons from FEW Nexus Studies. Journal of the ASABE. 2022.

16. Kumar, M*., Hodnebrog, Ø., Daloz, A. S., Sen, S., Badiger, S., & Krishnaswamy, J. Measuring precipitation in Eastern Himalaya: Ground validation of eleven satellite, model and gauge interpolated gridded products. Journal of Hydrology, 599, 126252.2021. 2021.

17. Dass, B., Sen, S*., Bamola, V., Sharma, A., & Sen, D. Assessment of spring flows in Indian Himalayan micro-watersheds–A hydro-geological approach. Journal of Hydrology, 598, 126354.2021. 2021.

18. Kumar, V*., Sen, S., & Chauhan, P. Geo-morphometric prioritization of Aglar micro watershed in Lesser Himalaya using GIS approach. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 7(2), 1269-1279. 2021.

19. Dass, B., Sen, S*., Sharma, A., Hussain, S., Rana, N., & Sen, D. Hydrological process monitoring for springshed management in the Indian Himalayan region: field observatory and reference database. Current Science (00113891), 120(5). 2021.

20. Daniel, D., Anandhi, A., & Sen, S*. Conceptual Model for the Vulnerability Assessment of Springs in the Indian Himalayas. Climate 9(8), 121. 2021. 

21. Musie, M., Momblanch, A., Sen, S*. Exploring future global change-induced water imbalances in the Central Rift Valley Basin, Ethiopia. Climatic Change, 164:47, 2021.

22. Musie, M., Sen, S*., Srivastava, P. Application of CORDEX-AFRICA and NEX-GDDP datasets for hydrologic projections under climate change in Lake Ziway sub-basin, Ethiopia. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 31, 100721. 2020.

23. Nanda, A., Sen, S*., Sharma, A. N., & Sudheer, K. P. Soil Temperature Dynamics at Hillslope Scale—Field Observation and Machine Learning-Based Approach. Water, 12(3), 713, 2020. (Invited)

24.    Kumar, V., Sen, S*. Assessment of spring potential for sustainable agriculture: A case study in lesser Himalayas. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 36(1), 11-24, 2020.

25.   Musie, M.; Sen, S*. Chaubey, I.  Hydrologic Responses to Climate Variability and Human Activities in Lake Ziway Basin, Ethiopia. Water, 12, 164, 2020.

26. Musie, M., Sen, S*., Srivastava, P. Comparison and Evaluation of Open Source Precipitation Datasets for Streamflow Simulation in Data Scarce Watersheds of Ethiopia. Journal of Hydrology, 579, 124168. 2019.

27.   Nanda, A., Sen, S*, McNamara, J.P. How spatiotemporal variation of soil moisture can explain hydrological connectivity of infiltration-excess  dominated  hillslope: Observations  from  Lesser Himalayan Landscape, Journal of Hydrology, 579, 124146, 2019.

28. Sonkar, I., Kotnoor, H. P., Sen, S. Estimation of Root Water Uptake and Soil Hydraulic Parameters from Root Zone Soil Moisture and Deep Percolation. Agricultural Water Management, 222:38-47, 2019.

29. Bhattaraia N., Mallick, K., Stuarta, J., Vishwakarma, B. D., Niraula, R., Sen, S., Jain, M. An automated multi-model evapotranspiration mapping framework using remotely sensed and reanalysis data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 229: 69-92. 2019.

30. Nanda, A., Sen, S*., Jirwan, V., Sharma, A., Kumar, V. Understanding Plot-Scale Hydrology of Lesser Himalayan Watershed- A Field Study and HYDRUS-2D Modeling Approach. Hydrological Processes, 32(9): 1254-1266, 2018.

31. Pati, A., Sen, S*., Perumal, M. Modified Channel Routing Scheme for SWAT Model. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering ASCE, DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001657, 2017.

32. Shah, A.I., Sen, S., Dar, M.U.D., Kumar, V. Land-Use/ Land-Cover Change Detection and Analysis in Aglar Watershed, Uttarakhand. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 24(1): 1-11, 2017.

33. Kumar, V., Sen, S*. Evaluation of Spring Discharge Dynamics using Recession Curve Analysis: A Case Study in Data-Scare Region, Lesser Himalayas, India. Sustainable Water Resources Management, DOI: 10.1007/s40899-017-0138-z, 2017.

34. Noori, N., Kalin, L., Sen S., Srivastava P., Lebleu, C. Identifying Areas Sensitive to Land Use/ Land Cover Change for Downstream Flooding in a Coastal Alabama Watershed. Regional Environmental Change, 16(6): 1833–1845, 2016.

35. Adeba, D., Kansal, M.L., Sen, S. Economic Evaluation of Proposed Alternatives of Inter-basin Water Transfer from BaroAkobo to Awash Basin in Ethiopia. Sustainable Water Resources Management, 2(3): 313-330, 2016.

36. Madolli, M.J., Sen, S., Jain, M.K. Trends in Temperature and Precipitation for the Karnataka State, India. Indian Association of Hydrologist, Hydrology Journal, 37(1-4): 61-70, 2015.

37. Adeba, D., Kansal, M.L., Sen, S. Assessment of Water Scarcity and its Impacts on Sustainable Development in Awash Basin, Ethiopia. Sustainable Water Resources Management, 1(1): 71-87, 2015.

38. Madolli, M.J., Sen, S., Shinde, A. Effect of Climate Change on Rainfall Pattern and Socioeconomic Condition for Karnataka State. Proceedings of International conference entitled “Green India: strategic knowledge for combating climate change-prospects and challenges.” 304-312, 2014.

39. Lamba, J., Way, T.R., Srivastava, P., Sen, S., Wood, C.W., Yoo, K.H. Nutrient Loss in Leachate and Surface Runoff from Surface-Broadcast and Subsurface-Banded Broiler Litter. J. Environmental Quality, 42: 1574-1582, 2013.

40. Lamba, J., Way, T.R., Srivastava, P., Sen, S., Wood, C.W., Yoo, K.H. Surface Transport of Nutrients from Surface-Broadcast and Subsurface-Banded Broiler litter. Trans. of ASABE. 55(3): 979-985, 2012.

41. Sen, S*., Srivastava, P., Vadas, P.A., Kalin, L. Watershed-level comparison of predictability and sensitivity of two phosphorus models. J. Environmental Quality, 41:1642-1652, 2012.

42. Sen, S*., Srivastava, P., Dane, J.H., Meng, H., Clement, P.T. Application of HIRO2 Hydrologic Model for Simulating Hortonian Overland Flow on a Pasture Hillslope in North Alabama. J. Soil & Water Conservation, 66(6): 411-422, 2011.

43.   Sen, S*., Srivastava, P., Dane, J.H., Yoo, K.H., Shaw, J.N. Spatial-temporal variability and hydrologic connectivity of runoff generation areas in a North Alabama pasture - implications for phosphorus transport. Hydrological Processes, 24(3): 342-356, 2010.

44.   Sen, S*., Srivastava, P., Yoo, K.H., Dane, J.H., Shaw, J.N., Kang, M.S. Runoff Generation Mechanisms in Pastures of the Sand Mountain Region of Alabama – A Field Investigation. Hydrological Processes, 22(21): 4222-4232, 2008.

45. Sen, S., Haggard, B.E., Chaubey, I., Brye, K.R., Costello, T.A., Matlock, M.D. Sediment Phosphorus Release at Beaver Reservoir, Northwest Arkansas, USA, 2002–2003: A Preliminary Investigation. Water Air & Soil Pollution, 179: 67–77, 2007.

Honors And Awards
Auburn University, Auburn, USA
2nd Place Poster Competition Award
Auburn University, Auburn, USA
The College of Agriculture 2009 Outstanding International Graduate Student Award
Auburn University, Auburn, USA
1st Place Poster Competition Award
Teaching Engagements
Teaching Engagements
Watershed Behaviour and Conservation Practices ( HY-531 )
Hydrological Data Collection, Processing and Analysis ( DMN-504 )
Watershed Modeling and Simulation ( HYN-571 )
Engineering Hydrology ( IHY-01 )
Engineering Hydrology ( HYN-102 )
01 Jan 2012 - 12 Dec 2016
Other Supervisors: Prof. M. L. Kansal, Scholar: Dr. Dereje Adeba Gerbi
01 Jan 2012 - 08 Mar 2019
Other Supervisors: , Scholar: Dr. Vikram Kumar
01 Jan 2015 - 17 Sep 2019
Other Supervisors: Prof. K. S. Hari Prasad, Scholar: Dr. Ickkshaanshu Sonkar
08 Jul 2016 - 02 Feb 2021
Other Supervisors: , Scholar: Dr. Aliva Nanda
10 Jul 2016 - 30 Sep 2020
Other Supervisors: , Scholar: Dr. Mulugeta Musie Abdi
Associate Scholars
Sudhanshu Dixit
CoEDMM, IIT Roorkee
Extreme events; Landslides; Debri flows; Spatial hydrology; Complex Network
Kedarnath Reddy
IIT Roorkee
Hyporheic zone processes
Nishant Saxena
JRF, CoEDMM, IIT Roorkee
Mountain Hydrology; Distributed hydrological modeling
Denzil Daniel
IIT Roorkee
Spring Hydrology; Noncontact water level measurement
Anshul Yadav
Deparment of Hydrology IIT Roorkee
Sediment Transport
Vanlalpekhlua Sailo
Watershed monitoring and modeling; Forest vs Jhum Watersheds
Stuti Shah
Department of Hydrology, IIT Roorkee
Mountain Lake System
Bhargabnanda Dass
Department of Hydrology, IIT Roorkee
Invited Talk on World Water Day at University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, 22nd March, 2019
01 Jan 2019 - Present
Cranfield University, UK
Ecosystems Services Assessment: Research Exchange Program
UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford
Research Collaboration
University of Birmingham, UK
Research collabortion; invited lecture
Administrative Positions
01 Jun 2021 - Present
Centre of Excellence in Disaster Mitigation & Management, IIT Roorkee
OC Seminar
01 Jan 2012 - 31 Dec 2020
Department of Hydrology
Office Incharge Hydrometeorology Lab: August 2012 - 2021
07 Jul 2012 - 30 Jun 2021
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
Office Incharge Computer Lab: 2015 - 2021
07 Jul 2015 - 30 Jun 2021
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
Faculty Advisor Congizance Department Team
01 Jan 2014 - 01 Jan 2019
Department of Hydrology
Warden, Rajiv Bhawan
07 Jul 2015 - 06 Jul 2016
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee