The Housing for All (HFA) is a long sought after goal for India and it has come as a central government scheme, named as Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojona (PMAY), aiming to achieve affordable ‘housing for all’ (HFA). Under the mission of HFA, by 2022, India needs to construct 34 million houses in urban area for urban poor. The market supply for low income housing is very less (15% as estimated) in comparison to the requirement (96% total shortage) showing a dichotomy of supply vs demand. Considering this incrementality, and supply-demand mismatch of the housing shortage challenge especially for low and mid income people, India requires a radical change in housing delivery system to generate substantial housing stock in a faster speed. National Housing and Habitat Policy’1998 and National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy’2007 mentioned the necessity of a faster housing supply system to fill up the demand-supply gap for the low-income category housing.
The recent trend of developing market driven housing unit for low income people is a mentionable improvement in India though the quantity is not sufficient enough in comparison to shortage. More supply of housing units using new and innovative technology is capable of mitigating the housing shortage for low income people. Considering this massive task, a Technology Sub-mission, under PMAY, has been envisaged by the government to explore the alternative and innovative technologies in housing supply to achieve time & cost economy, safety and resiliency. Government of India has identified several potential technologies which are developed fully/partially and capable of mass and industrialized construction of houses in shorter time keeping quality within the affordability. It is important to assess the current practice of housing in every state and geo climatic region to enumerate the scope of each new technology and its design interface. The focus of this National Student Design Competition is ‘DESIGN INNOVATIONS FOR HOUSING FOR ALL’ as a response to meet the long-term target of the HFA.