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AH-536: Biomass Production and Utilization

 

Credits : 4

Contact Hours : Lecture : 3  Tutorial : 1  Practical : 0

Energy Crisis, Rural & Urban energy loads, Biomass as a source of energy, Energy plantation, animal waste, forest & agro residue, Aquatic biomass; Biomass classification, classification parameters, Shape and size, Ash content, Volatile matter; Thermo-chemical characteristics of biomass, Procedures of characterization, Proximate analysis, Ultimate analysis, Ash deformation, Fusion temperature, Calorific value, Bulk density, Rate of devolatilization; Biomass production – biomass production from various sources including energy plantation, biomass harvest, handling & pre-conversion processes. Biomass Processing: Physical processes, Pyrolysis, Gasification & Combustion of biomass, Gasifiers, Briquetting, Anaerobic digestion of biomass, Biogas plants;  Environmental asPECts of biomass production & utilisation and waste mitigation system; Utilisation of biomass for the generation of solid, liquid/gaseous fuels for meeting heat & power needs.

Suggested Books :

i.    Richard, B.D.O., “Fats and Oils Formulating and Processing for Application”, 3rd edition, CRC Press.
ii.   Donald, K., “Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels and Chemicals”, Academic press.
iii.  Venkat, R.P. and Srinivas, S.N., “Biomass Energy Systems”, Proceeding of International Conference, Feb. 26-27,     1996, TERI Press.
iv.  Maheshwari, R.C., “Bioenergy for Rural Energisation”, Concept publication company
v.   Nair, Ramchandra P.K., “An Introduction to Agroforestry”, Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd.