Credits : 4
Contact Hours : Lecture : 3 Tutorial : 1 Practical : 2 per Alternate
Hydrology, types, hydrological processes and water balance of water bodies, estimation of present and projected demands, human impacts, inventory of human activities in a basin, land use and impact of anthropogenic activities on water quality, domestic water demand, wastewater generation, collection and treatment and disposal, urban storm water, industrial waste generaion, open defication, municipal solid wastes collection, transport and disposal, impacts of dumping in drains or sewer lines ; Point and non point sources, types of water pollution, water quality criteria and standards, designated best uses of water; equilibrium, acid base, oxidation – reduction, precipitation and complex reactions; Physical methods ( turbidimetry, nephlometry, optical methods of measurement, potentiometry, chromatography, spectroscopy); measurement of sulphates, Na, DO, BOD, TOC, all forms of N, fluorides exposure to analytical techniques of IIC like ICP, AAS, GC, biological components (periphyton, phytoplankton, zoobenthos, nekton, biodiversity indices, trophic status, P/R ratio microbiological MPN, coliform and streptococcus, bioindicators, biomonitoring of water bodies), sampling, schedule and water quality monitoring program of national rivers and lakes; sampling protocol of NRCD, standards, water quality indices, strategy for water quality management, case histories of ongoing projects; Principles of environmental management, EIA, water and sustainable development, involvement of stakeholders, water governance, environmental education, public participation; Legal, constitutional provisions, national policies, legal and institutional arrangement for the management of water quality and quantity; Application of remote sensing and GIS for water management, modeling (forecasting and growth modeling), eco–mapping, inter river basin transfer, cost –benefit analysis, environmental taxes, economics of natural resources;
List of Practicals :
- Measurement of the total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS) and total solids (TS) in water sample
- Determination of total hardness, calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium hardness of the water sample
- Determination of bi-carbonate carbonate, chloride, sulphate and acidity of water sample
- Determination of total phosphorus
- Bacteriological examination for total coliform, faecal coliform of sewage and water
- Estimation of oil and grease, fluorides, volatile acids
- To prepare a water budget for a watershed/sub-watershed either from a provided case study or one where the student can obtain information of on their own.
- To carry out a water demand analysis and future projection.
- To perform case study on IWRM for a basin.
Suggested Books :
i. Lenton, R. and Muller, M. and Carriger, S., “Integrated Water Resources Management in Practice”, Earthscan Publishers.
ii. Mollinga, P.P., Dixit, A. and Athukorala, K., “Integrated Water Resources Management Global Theory Emerging Practice and Local Needs”, SAGE publication.
iii. Timmerman, J. G., Pahl-Wostl, C. and Moltgen, J., “The Adaptiveness of IWRM, Analysing European IWRM Research”, IWA Publisher.
iv. Liu, D. H. and Liptak, B.G., “Environmental Engineers Handbook”, 2nd edition CRC Press.
v. “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water”, 21st edition, American Public Health Association.
vi. Clair, S., McCarty, P.L. and Parkin, G.F., “Chemistry for Environmental Engineering”, McGraw Hill Publication.
vii. Kulkarni, V. and Ramachandra, T.V., “Environment Management”, TERI Press.