The Himalayas are the source of water for 70% of India’s population living along the broader Indo-Genetic plains. Thus a strong expertise in water resources management and its associated subjects, including climate change effects, hydro-power generation and pollution management to name three, is absolutely essential. Study of and intervention in water resources has the maximum national impact. Conflict management between the aspirations of local people and water resources is an essential part of this aspect of the Himalayan studies, and requires expertise in the social sciences and public policy.
The Himalayas are relatively young mountains that are still growing and, therefore, have a very fragile ecology that is significantly prone to different disasters, such as earthquakes, landslides and floods. These disasters need to be managed to mitigate the effects on the environment and the local people. Furthermore, the conflict between the fuel needs of the local people and the environment also has to be managed. Thus, strong expertise in the areas of earth sciences, seismology and earthquake engineering, river basin management, and environmental, and forest sciences is needed to address this aspect of Himalayan studies.