Acts: Act is the law that is passed by the legislature. It is also called statute. However, most laws are not complete code in themselves, i.e., certain provisions as to their application or enforcement, etc. are deliberately left out by the legislature. That is where rules come into picture.
Rules: Rules help govern a law. They are secondary in nature, in the sense they do not have independent existence of their own. They are made to make the parent Act work. The rules provide for the details that have not been provided for in the Acts. However Rules by no means can go beyond the power conferred by the Acts, or extend the same.
For example, the Civil Defence Act 1968 is an Act. It has several rules & regulations governing its operation such as the Civil Defence Rule 1968 & the Civil Defence Regulations 1968.
DM Acts & Rules in India:
- The Civil Defence Act, 1968
- The Disaster Management Act, 2005
- The Civil Defence Rules, 1968
- The Civil Defence Regulations, 1968
- The Disaster Management (Annual Report of National Authority) Rules, 2006
- The Disaster Management National Executive Committee (Procedure and Allowances, etc.) Rules, 2006
- The Disaster Management (National Institute of Disaster Management) Rules, 2006
- The National Institute of Disaster Management Regulations, 2006
- The Notification of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Rules, 2008
- The National Disaster Management Authority Group C posts Recruitment Rules, 2009