Research programmes leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy ( Ph.D. ) are available in all academic departments of the Institute. While 182 new candidates were admitted to Ph.D. programmes, a total of 1646 candidates are working for their Ph.D. degree in the session 2016-17. The Ph.D. thesis is evaluated by the supervisor(s) and by three external examiners, two Indian and one abroad. If the examiners recommend acceptance of the thesis, a viva voce examination of the candidate is arranged at Roorkee. The recommendations of the Board of Examiners are considered by the Senate , which approves the award of Ph.D. degree to the candidate.